• GERMANIC MIGRATIONS AND
  • FRANKISH KINGDOM
  • JOHANNES REUCHLIN
  • THE WEIMAR CONSTITUTION
  • W
  • INFLATION, REPARATIONS, AND
  • THE STRESEMANN ERA, 19231929
  • STABILIZATION AND LOCARNO,
  • CULTURE AND SOCIETY
  • ROAD TO DICTATORSHIP,
  • T
  • CONSOLIDATION OF POWER
  • THE NAZI TOTAL STATE
  • ULRICH VON HUTTEN
  • PERSECUTION OF THE JEWS
  • RELIGION AND THE CHURCHES
  • FOREIGN POLICY
  • W
  • THE BATTLE OF BRITAIN
  • INVASION OF RUSSIA
  • HITLERS PLANS FOR EUROPE
  • TURNING OF THE TIDE,
  • THE HOME FRONT
  • THE RESISTANCE
  • PHILIP MELANCHTHON
  • D-DAY TO DEFEAT NAZI GERMANY
  • THE HOLOCAUST
  • A
  • ALLIED PLANS AND CONFERENCES
  • DENAZIFICATION
  • POLITICAL PARTIES AND TRADE
  • LOCAL STATE FORMATION
  • PARLIAMENTARY COUNCIL AND THE
  • ECONOMIC RECONSTRUCTION
  • T
  • ERASMUS OF ROTTERDAM
  • BUNDESTAG ELECTION AND
  • REGAINING SOVEREIGNTY AND INTEGRATION
  • RECONSTRUCTION AND THE ECONOMIC
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  • OSTPOLITIK (FOREIGN POLICY
  • CULTURE AND SOCIETY
  • SOCIAL STRUCTURE
  • SCHMIDT ERA: SOCIAL UNREST,
  • PRINTING AND MEDICINE
  • THE KOHL ERA, 19821998
  • T
  • UPRISING OF JUNE 17, 1953
  • ECONOMIC SYSTEM
  • SOCIETY, EDUCATION, AND
  • RELATIONS WITH THE FEDERAL
  • R
  • CONSEQUENCES AND PROBLEMS OF
  • ECONOMIC UNIFICATION,
  • P
  • RENAISSANCE ART
  • UNIFICATION POLITICS AND ITS
  • FOREIGN POLICY
  • GOVERNMENT AND ELECTIONS,
  • HISTORICAL DICTIONARY A
  • A
  • Abwehr
  • Adenauer, Konrad
  • Afrika Korps
  • Agadir Incident
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  • NEED FOR CHURCH REFORM
  • Agricola, Rudolf
  • Air Force
  • Albert (Albrecht) of
  • Albert V
  • Algeciras, Conference of
  • Allied Control Council
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  • Amiens, Battle of
  • Anabaptists
  • P
  • Anglo-German Naval Treaty
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  • anti-Semitism/Jew hatred
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  • Ardennes, Battle of the
  • Arendt, Hannah
  • Armed Forces (Wehrmacht)
  • Armed Forces (Bundeswehr):
  • LUTHER AND MELANCHTHON
  • Army (Prussian to 1860)
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  • Atlantic, Battle of the
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  • Augsburg, Diet of
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  • LUTHER AND ZWINGLI
  • Auschwitz-Birkenau
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  • autarchy
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  • B
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  • CAROLINGIAN EMPIRE
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  • Bavaria
  • Bavarian Peoples Party (BVP)
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  • Beckmann, Max
  • Beer-Hall Putsch of 1923
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  • Benjamin, Walter
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  • ANABAPTISM AND MÜNTZER
  • Benz, Carl Friedrich
  • Bergen-Belsen
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  • Berlin, Battle for (Fall of)
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  • CALVINISM IN GERMANY
  • Bernstein, Eduard
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  • Biedermeier
  • Biermann, Wolf
  • Bismarck, Otto Eduard Leopold
  • blank check
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  • Blücher, Gebhard
  • CHARLES V AND THE REFORMATION
  • Böll, Heinrich
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  • Brandenburg
  • C
  • Brauchitsch, Walther von
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  • Braun, Otto
  • Braun, Wernher von
  • Brecht, Bertolt
  • Bremen/Bremerhaven
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  • Breslau
  • The Bridge
  • THE THIRTY YEARS WAR
  • Britain, Battle of
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  • Buchenwald
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  • Bundesrat
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  • C
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  • canton system
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  • LITERATURE
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  • Clausewitz, Carl von
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  • D
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  • E
  • Edict of Toleration
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  • PIETISM
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  • A
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  • euthanasia
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  • F
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  • feminism, 18151945
  • feminism, 19452005
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  • G
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  • Gentz, Friedrich
  • JOSEPH II AND REFORM
  • German Christians
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  • R
  • FREDERICK III
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  • FREDERICK THE GREAT
  • SEVEN YEARS WAR
  • S
  • ECONOMY
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  • O
  • THE DANISH WAR, 1864
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  • I
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  • ART AND ARCHITECTURE
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  • T
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  • BISMARCKS DISMISSAL
  • WILHELMINE GERMANY
  • T
  • THE QUESTION OF
  • LATE MEDIEVAL CULTURE
  • CONDUCT OF THE WAR
  • PEACE RESOLUTION, REFORM, AND
  • AN UNPLANNED REVOLUTION
  • N
  • POLITICAL PARTIES UNPREPARED
  • A REVOLUTIONARY PATTERN
  • WORKERS AND SOLDIERS
  • KURT EISNER AND REVOLUTION IN
  • A REPUBLIC PROCLAIMED
  • A SEVERE ARMISTICE
  • T
  • ESTABLISHMENT OF A REVOLUTIONARY
  • EBERT MAKES A DEAL WITH THE
  • THE SPARTACISTS
  • INTERPRETATION OF THE
  • A VENGEFUL PEACE
  • V
  • THE GOALS OF THE PEACEMAKERS
  • TERMS OF THE TREATY
  • WAR GUILT AND REPARATIONS
  • DENUNCIATION AND RELUCTANT
  • GERMANIC MIGRATIONS AND
  • Gentz, Friedrich

    lang=EN-US style='font-size:10.5pt;font-family:"Meridien-Medium","serif"; color:black'>(17641832)

    conservative publicist and adviser

    Friedrich Gentz was initially a supporter of the

    French Revolution but later turned against it

    and translated Edmund Burkes Reflections on the

    French Revolution. Later, he entered the service of

    Prince Clemens METTERNICH and supported the

    settlements at the CONGRESS OF VIENNA. He

    became a proponent of German unification

    under Austrian leadership.

    In 1764 Friedrich Gentz was born into a family

    of successful, upwardly mobile Prussian civil

    servants. He early drank deeply at the well of

    ENLIGHTENMENT thought. He was a student of

    Immanuel KANT and became a close friend of

    Wilhelm von HUMBOLDT after they met in 1790.

    As a young man Gentz was restlessly in search

    of a good cause and the early phase of the

    French Revolution and proclamation of freedom

    for humanity suited him. In 1791 he began to

    read the conservative Edmund Burkes Reflections

    on the revolution in France. Although at first he

    did not like it, as the revolution became violent

    and bloodied peoples hands he realized the wisdom

    of Burkes commentary. In 1793 Gentz himself

    translated the Reflections, which established

    him as a antirevolutionary publicist. Burkes

    political vision made an important contribution

    to conservative criticism of the revolution and

    helped create an ideological justification for the

    old order.

    Gentz became a successful polemicist, editor

    of conservative journals, and frequenter of the

    salons of BERLIN. His social talents were such

    that he could mix well in the society of the

    salons and be influential on the fringes of political

    power. Instability, however, was a hallmark

    of his life, with such experiences as divorce,

    bankruptcies, and scandal. These and disappointment

    motivated him to leave Berlin for

    Vienna, where he got a government job and was

    protected by Metternich. During the settlements

    Gentz, Friedrich 405

    at the CONGRESS OF VIENNA he supported its decisions.

    Afterward he abandoned liberal and

    nationalist views and became a strong advocate

    of national unification, but under Austrian leadership.

    In 1818 he founded the Vienna Yearbook

    for Literature, and in 1832 he died.

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