• GERMANIC MIGRATIONS AND
  • FRANKISH KINGDOM
  • JOHANNES REUCHLIN
  • THE WEIMAR CONSTITUTION
  • W
  • INFLATION, REPARATIONS, AND
  • THE STRESEMANN ERA, 19231929
  • STABILIZATION AND LOCARNO,
  • CULTURE AND SOCIETY
  • ROAD TO DICTATORSHIP,
  • T
  • CONSOLIDATION OF POWER
  • THE NAZI TOTAL STATE
  • ULRICH VON HUTTEN
  • PERSECUTION OF THE JEWS
  • RELIGION AND THE CHURCHES
  • FOREIGN POLICY
  • W
  • THE BATTLE OF BRITAIN
  • INVASION OF RUSSIA
  • HITLERS PLANS FOR EUROPE
  • TURNING OF THE TIDE,
  • THE HOME FRONT
  • THE RESISTANCE
  • PHILIP MELANCHTHON
  • D-DAY TO DEFEAT NAZI GERMANY
  • THE HOLOCAUST
  • A
  • ALLIED PLANS AND CONFERENCES
  • DENAZIFICATION
  • POLITICAL PARTIES AND TRADE
  • LOCAL STATE FORMATION
  • PARLIAMENTARY COUNCIL AND THE
  • ECONOMIC RECONSTRUCTION
  • T
  • ERASMUS OF ROTTERDAM
  • BUNDESTAG ELECTION AND
  • REGAINING SOVEREIGNTY AND INTEGRATION
  • RECONSTRUCTION AND THE ECONOMIC
  • TRANSITIONAL YEARS AND
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  • OSTPOLITIK (FOREIGN POLICY
  • CULTURE AND SOCIETY
  • SOCIAL STRUCTURE
  • SCHMIDT ERA: SOCIAL UNREST,
  • PRINTING AND MEDICINE
  • THE KOHL ERA, 19821998
  • T
  • UPRISING OF JUNE 17, 1953
  • ECONOMIC SYSTEM
  • SOCIETY, EDUCATION, AND
  • RELATIONS WITH THE FEDERAL
  • R
  • CONSEQUENCES AND PROBLEMS OF
  • ECONOMIC UNIFICATION,
  • P
  • RENAISSANCE ART
  • UNIFICATION POLITICS AND ITS
  • FOREIGN POLICY
  • GOVERNMENT AND ELECTIONS,
  • HISTORICAL DICTIONARY A
  • A
  • Abwehr
  • Adenauer, Konrad
  • Afrika Korps
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  • Agrarian League
  • NEED FOR CHURCH REFORM
  • Agricola, Rudolf
  • Air Force
  • Albert (Albrecht) of
  • Albert V
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  • Allied Control Council
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  • Anabaptists
  • P
  • Anglo-German Naval Treaty
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  • Ardennes, Battle of the
  • Arendt, Hannah
  • Armed Forces (Wehrmacht)
  • Armed Forces (Bundeswehr):
  • LUTHER AND MELANCHTHON
  • Army (Prussian to 1860)
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  • Atlantic, Battle of the
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  • Augsburg, Diet of
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  • LUTHER AND ZWINGLI
  • Auschwitz-Birkenau
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  • Austria
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  • autarchy
  • autobahns
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  • B
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  • Beckmann, Max
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  • ANABAPTISM AND MÜNTZER
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  • CALVINISM IN GERMANY
  • Bernstein, Eduard
  • Bethmann Hollweg, Theobald
  • Biedermeier
  • Biermann, Wolf
  • Bismarck, Otto Eduard Leopold
  • blank check
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  • CHARLES V AND THE REFORMATION
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  • C
  • Brauchitsch, Walther von
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  • Braun, Otto
  • Braun, Wernher von
  • Brecht, Bertolt
  • Bremen/Bremerhaven
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  • Breslau
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  • THE THIRTY YEARS WAR
  • Britain, Battle of
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  • Bundesrat
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  • LITERATURE
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  • D
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  • GOTTFRIED WILHELM VON LEIBNIZ
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  • E
  • Edict of Toleration
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  • PIETISM
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  • European Coal and Steel
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  • A
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  • euthanasia
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  • F
  • Fatherland Party
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  • feminism, 18151945
  • feminism, 19452005
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  • R
  • FREDERICK III
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  • FREDERICK THE GREAT
  • SEVEN YEARS WAR
  • S
  • ECONOMY
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  • O
  • THE DANISH WAR, 1864
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  • I
  • N
  • ART AND ARCHITECTURE
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  • T
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  • BISMARCKS DISMISSAL
  • WILHELMINE GERMANY
  • T
  • THE QUESTION OF
  • LATE MEDIEVAL CULTURE
  • CONDUCT OF THE WAR
  • PEACE RESOLUTION, REFORM, AND
  • AN UNPLANNED REVOLUTION
  • N
  • POLITICAL PARTIES UNPREPARED
  • A REVOLUTIONARY PATTERN
  • WORKERS AND SOLDIERS
  • KURT EISNER AND REVOLUTION IN
  • A REPUBLIC PROCLAIMED
  • A SEVERE ARMISTICE
  • T
  • ESTABLISHMENT OF A REVOLUTIONARY
  • EBERT MAKES A DEAL WITH THE
  • THE SPARTACISTS
  • INTERPRETATION OF THE
  • A VENGEFUL PEACE
  • V
  • THE GOALS OF THE PEACEMAKERS
  • TERMS OF THE TREATY
  • WAR GUILT AND REPARATIONS
  • DENUNCIATION AND RELUCTANT
  • GERMANIC MIGRATIONS AND
  • Frederick III

    lang=EN-US style='font-size:10.5pt;font-family:"Meridien-Medium","serif"; color:black'>(18311888)

    king of Prussia and emperor

    In 1888, when Emperor William died on March

    9, he was succeeded by his son, Crown Prince

    Frederick William, who took the title Frederick

    III. As crown prince he had endeared himself to

    his subjects by his military leadership in the wars

    of 1866 and 1870 and had been expected to

    open a new era of LIBERALISM. He had married

    the daughter of Queen Victoria, Princess Victoria,

    and was a believer in liberal and constitutional

    government. Perhaps that was one of the

    last hopes for liberalism in Germany, because

    BISMARCK had worked so hard to strengthen and

    entrench the conservative forces in Prussia. The

    new emperor, however, was already in the process

    of dying, as cancer of the throat had started

    the year before, and his sufferings practically

    incapacitated him. In the meantime, Bismarck

    remained in control of the government.

    Born on October 18, 1831, Frederick was the

    only son of the king and emperor WILLIAM I. In

    his youth he shared the conservative political

    views so dominant at the Prussian court. At the

    encouragement of his wife, however, he developed

    relationships with prominent liberals.

    When Bismarck came into office and was the

    chief minister to his father, Frederick rejected his

    policies. Yet, although he favored constitutional

    monarchy, it has become clear that he did not

    favor the expansion of the powers of Parliament

    at the expense of the monarchy. His wife, Victoria,

    was disappointed to hear in 1870 that

    Fredericks hostility toward Bismarck softened

    when the chancellor assured him that German

    unification would be accomplished within a

    liberal-constitutional framework. For a while

    that appeared to be the case, but in 1879, when

    Bismarck changed his liberal alliances in favor of

    conservatives, Frederick fell into despair. He

    warned Bismarck not to subvert the constitution.

    Recent historians have proven that Fredericks

    reputation as a progressive liberal was a

    legend fostered by his wife in her correspondence

    after his death. He can be accurately

    described as a constitutional liberal.

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