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  • W
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  • GERMANIC MIGRATIONS AND
  • Charles VII

    lang=EN-US style='font-size:10.5pt;font-family:"Meridien-Medium","serif"; color:black'>(16971745)

    Holy Roman Emperor

    Charles Albert was the son of MAXIMILIAN

    EMMANUEL, the elector of Bavaria and his second

    wife, Theresa, the daughter of the king of Poland,

    John Sobieski. During Charless youth the Austrians

    occupied BAVARIA in punishment for having

    sided with the French king, Louis XIV, against

    Emperor LEOPOLD I in the War of the Spanish Succession

    (170114). With the conclusion of peace

    Maximilian was restored to his electorate and

    Charles and his brother returned from Vienna to

    MUNICH. For a while Charles was loyal to the

    Habsburgs, serving courageously in the struggle

    against the Turks under EUGENE, PRINCE OF SAVOY.

    Charles then married the younger daughter,

    Maria Amalia, of the deceased emperor JOSEPH I.

    Even though she had renounced her rights to the

    Habsburg succession, it was these claims that

    Charles used to press his claim for the imperial

    title. The young prince had agreed to recognize

    the PRAGMATIC SANCTION in 1732, but with reservations.

    Earlier, in 1714, Maximilian had signed

    a treaty with France, which promised support for

    the WITTELSBACHS in their claim to the Bohemian

    crown lands.

    The significance of Charles Albert is that he

    initiated the WAR OF THE AUSTRIAN SUCCESSION

    (174048) when CHARLES VI died. The elector

    refused to recognize the validity of the Pragmatic

    Sanction and the succession of the emperors

    eldest daughter, MARIA THERESA. In 1742 the

    Bavarian elector was elected Holy Roman

    Emperor with French support, the first time that

    a Habsburg was not chosen since 1438, Bavaria

    then suffered Austrian occupation. His declaration

    as king of Bohemia was short-lived. The

    king of Prussia, FREDERICK II, helped him return

    to Munich, but the elector was defeated and

    impoverished. He died in 1743, and his replacement

    on the imperial throne was Maria Theresas

    husband, Francis of Lorraine. In 1745 his son,

    Maximilian Joseph, signed the peace Treaty of

    Füssen with Austria.

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