• GERMANIC MIGRATIONS AND
  • FRANKISH KINGDOM
  • JOHANNES REUCHLIN
  • THE WEIMAR CONSTITUTION
  • W
  • INFLATION, REPARATIONS, AND
  • THE STRESEMANN ERA, 19231929
  • STABILIZATION AND LOCARNO,
  • CULTURE AND SOCIETY
  • ROAD TO DICTATORSHIP,
  • T
  • CONSOLIDATION OF POWER
  • THE NAZI TOTAL STATE
  • ULRICH VON HUTTEN
  • PERSECUTION OF THE JEWS
  • RELIGION AND THE CHURCHES
  • FOREIGN POLICY
  • W
  • THE BATTLE OF BRITAIN
  • INVASION OF RUSSIA
  • HITLERS PLANS FOR EUROPE
  • TURNING OF THE TIDE,
  • THE HOME FRONT
  • THE RESISTANCE
  • PHILIP MELANCHTHON
  • D-DAY TO DEFEAT NAZI GERMANY
  • THE HOLOCAUST
  • A
  • ALLIED PLANS AND CONFERENCES
  • DENAZIFICATION
  • POLITICAL PARTIES AND TRADE
  • LOCAL STATE FORMATION
  • PARLIAMENTARY COUNCIL AND THE
  • ECONOMIC RECONSTRUCTION
  • T
  • ERASMUS OF ROTTERDAM
  • BUNDESTAG ELECTION AND
  • REGAINING SOVEREIGNTY AND INTEGRATION
  • RECONSTRUCTION AND THE ECONOMIC
  • TRANSITIONAL YEARS AND
  • THE GRAND COALITION AND YOUTH
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  • OSTPOLITIK (FOREIGN POLICY
  • CULTURE AND SOCIETY
  • SOCIAL STRUCTURE
  • SCHMIDT ERA: SOCIAL UNREST,
  • PRINTING AND MEDICINE
  • THE KOHL ERA, 19821998
  • T
  • UPRISING OF JUNE 17, 1953
  • ECONOMIC SYSTEM
  • SOCIETY, EDUCATION, AND
  • RELATIONS WITH THE FEDERAL
  • R
  • CONSEQUENCES AND PROBLEMS OF
  • ECONOMIC UNIFICATION,
  • P
  • RENAISSANCE ART
  • UNIFICATION POLITICS AND ITS
  • FOREIGN POLICY
  • GOVERNMENT AND ELECTIONS,
  • HISTORICAL DICTIONARY A
  • A
  • Abwehr
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  • Afrika Korps
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  • Albert (Albrecht) of
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  • Allied Control Council
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  • Amiens, Battle of
  • Anabaptists
  • P
  • Anglo-German Naval Treaty
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  • anti-Semitism/Jew hatred
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  • Arendt, Hannah
  • Armed Forces (Wehrmacht)
  • Armed Forces (Bundeswehr):
  • LUTHER AND MELANCHTHON
  • Army (Prussian to 1860)
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  • Augsburg, Diet of
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  • LUTHER AND ZWINGLI
  • Auschwitz-Birkenau
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  • Austria
  • Austrian Succession, War of
  • autarchy
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  • Axis, The
  • B
  • Baden-Württemberg
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  • CAROLINGIAN EMPIRE
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  • Bavaria
  • Bavarian Peoples Party (BVP)
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  • Beckmann, Max
  • Beer-Hall Putsch of 1923
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  • Benn, Gottfried
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  • ANABAPTISM AND MÜNTZER
  • Benz, Carl Friedrich
  • Bergen-Belsen
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  • Berlin, Battle for (Fall of)
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  • CALVINISM IN GERMANY
  • Bernstein, Eduard
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  • Biedermeier
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  • Bismarck, Otto Eduard Leopold
  • blank check
  • Bleichröder, Gerson von
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  • Blomberg, Werner von
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  • CHARLES V AND THE REFORMATION
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  • Bormann, Martin
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  • Bosnia-Herzegovina
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  • C
  • Brauchitsch, Walther von
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  • Braun, Wernher von
  • Brecht, Bertolt
  • Bremen/Bremerhaven
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  • Breslau
  • The Bridge
  • THE THIRTY YEARS WAR
  • Britain, Battle of
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  • Bundesrat
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  • C
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  • canton system
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  • LITERATURE
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  • D
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  • Diplomatic Revolution of 1756
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  • GOTTFRIED WILHELM VON LEIBNIZ
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  • E
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  • A
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  • F
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  • S
  • ECONOMY
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  • O
  • THE DANISH WAR, 1864
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  • I
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  • T
  • THE QUESTION OF
  • LATE MEDIEVAL CULTURE
  • CONDUCT OF THE WAR
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  • AN UNPLANNED REVOLUTION
  • N
  • POLITICAL PARTIES UNPREPARED
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  • A REPUBLIC PROCLAIMED
  • A SEVERE ARMISTICE
  • T
  • ESTABLISHMENT OF A REVOLUTIONARY
  • EBERT MAKES A DEAL WITH THE
  • THE SPARTACISTS
  • INTERPRETATION OF THE
  • A VENGEFUL PEACE
  • V
  • THE GOALS OF THE PEACEMAKERS
  • TERMS OF THE TREATY
  • WAR GUILT AND REPARATIONS
  • DENUNCIATION AND RELUCTANT
  • GERMANIC MIGRATIONS AND
  • Blomberg, Werner von

    lang=EN-US style='font-size:10.5pt;font-family:"Meridien-Medium","serif"; color:black'>(18781946)

    minister of defense

    Werner von Blomberg served at the request of

    President Paul von HINDENBURG as minister of

    defense and supreme commander of the armed

    forces from 1933 to 1938. He ardently supported

    HITLERs rearmament program. His presence was

    imposing, and he was the epitome of the Prussian

    officer, a Siegfried with a monocle.

    Blomberg was born in Stargard, Pomerania,

    on September 2, 1878. His military career began

    in 1897, and by the time WORLDWAR I occurred

    he had risen to become an officer on the General

    Staff. After the war he entered the republican

    Blomberg, Werner von 279

    army, the Reichswehr, and from 1927 to 1929

    he was adjutant general of the Reichswehr. He

    visited Russia and was favorably impressed by

    the Soviet army. In 1930 he was placed in command

    of Defense District I at Königsberg, where

    on a visit he met and was impressed by Hitler and

    hoped that he would eventually make the

    Reichswehr a popular army. Although not a convinced

    Nazi he was loyal to Hitler and shouldered

    responsibility for the military buildup in the Third

    Reich. At first he was named minister of defense

    on January 1, 1933; then he called on the army

    to take a personal oath to Hitler after the death of

    Hindenburg; and in May 1935 he was named

    supreme commander of the new army, the

    Wehrmacht. He was one of the most important

    officers present at an important conference of

    senior officers on November 5, 1937, during

    which Hitler announced his plans for another

    war to achieve living space (LEBENSRAUM) by

    force. Minutes of the meeting were recorded by

    General Friedrich Hossbach which came to be

    known as the HOSSBACH MEMORANDUM. Both

    Blomberg and Col. General Baron von Fritsch,

    who was commander in chief of the army,

    opposed Hitlers plans. This made their futures

    highly questionable as events were soon to prove.

    Now the needs of Blombergs personal life

    intersected with the intrigues of the Nazi regime

    and destroyed his career. He had been a widower,

    and at the end of 1937 decided to marry his secretary,

    a Fräulein Eva Gruhn, who had a past as a

    prostitute. He should have known better, because

    such a marriage was not socially respectable for

    the commanding general of the officer corps. To

    make matters worse, Hitler and GÖRING were witnesses

    at the wedding. Meanwhile the chief of the

    Berlin police had been collecting a dossier on Eva,

    went to Göring, who went to Hitler, who became

    angered and dismissed Blomberg. Fritsch was also

    forced to retire when unproven allegations arose

    that he had committed homosexual acts.

    Although exonerated, he was forced to resign.

    The end result of the scandals was that Hitler used

    them to make himself the supreme commander

    of the armed forces. Blombergs humiliation,

    however, did not dampen his admiration for the

    Führer as it should have. He supported Hitler to

    the end of the regime. After the war he was

    arrested and testified before the Nuremberg Military

    Tribunal (see NUREMBURG TRIALS) and died

    from illness in prison on March 22, 1946.

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