• GERMANIC MIGRATIONS AND
  • FRANKISH KINGDOM
  • JOHANNES REUCHLIN
  • THE WEIMAR CONSTITUTION
  • W
  • INFLATION, REPARATIONS, AND
  • THE STRESEMANN ERA, 19231929
  • STABILIZATION AND LOCARNO,
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  • ROAD TO DICTATORSHIP,
  • T
  • CONSOLIDATION OF POWER
  • THE NAZI TOTAL STATE
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  • FOREIGN POLICY
  • W
  • THE BATTLE OF BRITAIN
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  • PHILIP MELANCHTHON
  • D-DAY TO DEFEAT NAZI GERMANY
  • THE HOLOCAUST
  • A
  • ALLIED PLANS AND CONFERENCES
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  • T
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  • T
  • UPRISING OF JUNE 17, 1953
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  • SOCIETY, EDUCATION, AND
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  • R
  • CONSEQUENCES AND PROBLEMS OF
  • ECONOMIC UNIFICATION,
  • P
  • RENAISSANCE ART
  • UNIFICATION POLITICS AND ITS
  • FOREIGN POLICY
  • GOVERNMENT AND ELECTIONS,
  • HISTORICAL DICTIONARY A
  • A
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  • Armed Forces (Wehrmacht)
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  • B
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  • ANABAPTISM AND MÜNTZER
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  • CALVINISM IN GERMANY
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  • Biedermeier
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  • Bismarck, Otto Eduard Leopold
  • blank check
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  • CHARLES V AND THE REFORMATION
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  • C
  • Brauchitsch, Walther von
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  • Braun, Wernher von
  • Brecht, Bertolt
  • Bremen/Bremerhaven
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  • The Bridge
  • THE THIRTY YEARS WAR
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  • Bundesrat
  • Bundestag
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  • canton system
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  • LITERATURE
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  • E
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  • R
  • FREDERICK III
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  • SEVEN YEARS WAR
  • S
  • ECONOMY
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  • THE DANISH WAR, 1864
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  • I
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  • T
  • THE QUESTION OF
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  • AN UNPLANNED REVOLUTION
  • N
  • POLITICAL PARTIES UNPREPARED
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  • A REPUBLIC PROCLAIMED
  • A SEVERE ARMISTICE
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  • ESTABLISHMENT OF A REVOLUTIONARY
  • EBERT MAKES A DEAL WITH THE
  • THE SPARTACISTS
  • INTERPRETATION OF THE
  • A VENGEFUL PEACE
  • V
  • THE GOALS OF THE PEACEMAKERS
  • TERMS OF THE TREATY
  • WAR GUILT AND REPARATIONS
  • DENUNCIATION AND RELUCTANT
  • GERMANIC MIGRATIONS AND
  • Blenheim, Battle of

    lang=EN-US style='font-size:10.5pt;font-family:"Meridien-Medium","serif"; color:black'>(1704)

    The Battle of Blenheim is known in German history

    as the Second Battle of Hochstädt, which

    occurred in August 1704. The commander of the

    imperial forces was EUGENE, PRINCE OF SAVOY

    (16631736), who was assisted by English forces

    under the command of John Churchill, duke of

    Marlborough. The combined forces defeated the

    Franco-Bavarian army near Hochstädt, BAVARIA,

    and forced the Bavarian elector, Max Emanuel

    (16791726), to withdraw from the war. Germany

    was liberated from the French.

    During the first battle of Hochstädt in 1703

    Max Emanuel had defeated the imperial armies

    of AUSTRIA and was able to occupy the whole

    Danube line as far as REGENSBURG and Passau.

    Louis XIV then sent his main forces to Bavaria,

    which Prince Eugene had attempted to stop

    from crossing the Black Forest and joining up

    with the Franco-Bavarian army under Max

    Emanuel. The HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE now was

    threatened by the Franco-Bavarian army as also

    was Vienna. Emperor LEOPOLD I (16581705)

    then requested the aid of his allies, England and

    the United Provinces. The war in Germany was

    popular neither in England nor the United

    Provinces, but the duke of Marlborough received

    permission to march his troops to the Danube

    and met up with the imperial armies under the

    command of Prince Eugene of Savoy and the

    Prince of Baden. The cooperation that ensued

    between Marlborough and Prince Eugene was

    rare. Marlborough and Prince Louis defeated the

    Bavarian army at Donäuworth. Then, with

    55,000 men Marlborough and Prince Eugene

    defeated the Franco-Bavarian army at Hochstádt.

    It was primarily a victory for Marlborough as he

    routed the French forces of Marshal Tallard while

    the rest of the Franco-Bavarian forces retreated.

    The French were pushed beyond the Rhine. The

    battle produced the greatest number of casualties

    of the war, killing or wounding about 12,000 on

    either side. It was the first in a series of military

    reverses for Louis XIV. Other consequences were

    that it liberated all of Germany, lifting the

    morale of the German princes. The Habsburgs

    were able to continue the war, while Bavaria

    was forced out. The Austrians now came to

    administer Bavaria and treated it like a conquered

    state.

    blitzkrieg

    This strategy of warfare was first formulated by

    General Hans von Seeckt (18861936), commander

    of the Reichswehr during the WEIMAR

    REPUBLIC. Its basic premise was that rapidly

    advancing armored forces operating on their own

    could swiftly envelop the enemy and bring about

    a quick victory. Seeckt foresaw that this use of

    armored forces would create mass armies. When

    the German armies overran Poland and then

    France, the Netherlands, and Norway, the term

    came to mean the use of air power, armored

    forces, subversive warfare, and sometimes the use

    of airborne troops to quickly overwhelm the

    enemy. This worked in France but not in Russia,

    where logistics were unable to keep up with the

    armies.

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