• GERMANIC MIGRATIONS AND
  • FRANKISH KINGDOM
  • JOHANNES REUCHLIN
  • THE WEIMAR CONSTITUTION
  • W
  • INFLATION, REPARATIONS, AND
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  • T
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  • A
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  • T
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  • FOREIGN POLICY
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  • HISTORICAL DICTIONARY A
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  • DENUNCIATION AND RELUCTANT
  • GERMANIC MIGRATIONS AND
  • Benz, Carl Friedrich

    lang=EN-US style='font-size:10.5pt;font-family:"Meridien-Medium","serif"; color:black'>(18441929)

    automobile pioneer

    Carl Friedrich Benz was born on November 25,

    1844, in Karlsruhe, Germany. His major contri-

    Benz, Carl Friedrich 263

    bution to history is his invention of the modern

    automobile along with Gottlieb DAIMLER

    (18341900). As a boy he developed skills in

    technical matters. When he entered the secondary

    schools, his interest and competence in

    technical matters grew, qualifying him to

    become an assistant to his physics instructor. He

    attended Karlsruhe Polytechnic, where he

    obtained experience in the manufacture of

    engines. By 1872 he was able to open his first

    shop to produce engines. A decade later he was

    able to find investors and founded Benz and

    Company in October 1883, which produced stationary

    gas engines.

    From the plans he had developed, Benz produced

    his first motorized tricycle, which was

    publicly tested in fall 1885. His patent was

    #37435. Perhaps his most important contribution

    was the invention of a four-stroke engine

    far superior to the ordinary two-stroke of the

    day. Adding a carburetor gave the engine greater

    fuel efficiency, while an ignition system was

    developed whereby a battery provided spark to

    a plug to start the engine. His motorized tricycle

    also had rear springs, rack-and-pinion steering,

    and water cooling. In 1890 a fourth wheel was

    added, which assured its economic success. The

    first mass-produced car in the world was the

    small Benz Velo (1894). By 1900 the Benz company

    with 400 workers was the largest car company

    in the world. In 1903 he withdrew from

    management. The company concentrated on

    luxury cars and marine and aircraft engines. A

    distinctive contribution to fuel efficiency was the

    invention of the diesel engine. Shortly before

    the GREAT DEPRESSION the Benz Company in

    1926 merged with its competitor, the Daimler-

    Motoren-Gesellschaft, becoming Daimler-Benz

    AG. The father of the motor car died in 1929.

    were   GERMANC   Germany   Party   their   Prussians   army   state   government   became   they   during   Austrian   CHURCHES   French   political   Frederick   Nazis   Social   Hitler   after   against   economic   some   republican