• GERMANIC MIGRATIONS AND
  • FRANKISH KINGDOM
  • JOHANNES REUCHLIN
  • THE WEIMAR CONSTITUTION
  • W
  • INFLATION, REPARATIONS, AND
  • THE STRESEMANN ERA, 19231929
  • STABILIZATION AND LOCARNO,
  • CULTURE AND SOCIETY
  • ROAD TO DICTATORSHIP,
  • T
  • CONSOLIDATION OF POWER
  • THE NAZI TOTAL STATE
  • ULRICH VON HUTTEN
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  • RELIGION AND THE CHURCHES
  • FOREIGN POLICY
  • W
  • THE BATTLE OF BRITAIN
  • INVASION OF RUSSIA
  • HITLERS PLANS FOR EUROPE
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  • THE RESISTANCE
  • PHILIP MELANCHTHON
  • D-DAY TO DEFEAT NAZI GERMANY
  • THE HOLOCAUST
  • A
  • ALLIED PLANS AND CONFERENCES
  • DENAZIFICATION
  • POLITICAL PARTIES AND TRADE
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  • ECONOMIC RECONSTRUCTION
  • T
  • ERASMUS OF ROTTERDAM
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  • PRINTING AND MEDICINE
  • THE KOHL ERA, 19821998
  • T
  • UPRISING OF JUNE 17, 1953
  • ECONOMIC SYSTEM
  • SOCIETY, EDUCATION, AND
  • RELATIONS WITH THE FEDERAL
  • R
  • CONSEQUENCES AND PROBLEMS OF
  • ECONOMIC UNIFICATION,
  • P
  • RENAISSANCE ART
  • UNIFICATION POLITICS AND ITS
  • FOREIGN POLICY
  • GOVERNMENT AND ELECTIONS,
  • HISTORICAL DICTIONARY A
  • A
  • Abwehr
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  • P
  • Anglo-German Naval Treaty
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  • Armed Forces (Wehrmacht)
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  • Auschwitz-Birkenau
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  • Austrian Succession, War of
  • autarchy
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  • B
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  • ANABAPTISM AND MÜNTZER
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  • Bismarck, Otto Eduard Leopold
  • blank check
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  • CHARLES V AND THE REFORMATION
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  • C
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  • Bundesrat
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  • LITERATURE
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  • T
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  • AN UNPLANNED REVOLUTION
  • N
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  • A REPUBLIC PROCLAIMED
  • A SEVERE ARMISTICE
  • T
  • ESTABLISHMENT OF A REVOLUTIONARY
  • EBERT MAKES A DEAL WITH THE
  • THE SPARTACISTS
  • INTERPRETATION OF THE
  • A VENGEFUL PEACE
  • V
  • THE GOALS OF THE PEACEMAKERS
  • TERMS OF THE TREATY
  • WAR GUILT AND REPARATIONS
  • DENUNCIATION AND RELUCTANT
  • GERMANIC MIGRATIONS AND
  • Barbie, Klaus

    lang=EN-US style='font-size:10.5pt;font-family:"Meridien-Medium","serif"; color:black'>(19131991)

    Nazi SS leader

    Klaus Barbie was the SS captain known as the

    butcher of Lyons, who headed the anti-Resistance

    operations in France during the Nazi occupation.

    After graduation in 1934 he joined the

    HITLER YOUTH and when he was 22, the SS in

    1935. A short time later he joined the security

    service, the SD (Sicherheitsdienst) headed by

    Reinhold HEYDRICH. After Germany invaded

    France, Barbie became head of anti-Resistance

    efforts there. As head of the GESTAPO in Lyon he

    was responsible for actions against French Jews,

    and in one raid of a Jewish orphanage some 50

    boys and girls were sent to AUSCHWITZ. Barbie

    was ruthless and fanatical and regularly used

    torture in his interrogation of prisoners.

    When the war was over, Barbie hid until he

    was recruited by the American Counterintelligence

    Corps as a spy. Within the next four years

    he ran a spy network in East and West Germany

    and France. When French war crimes investigators

    became aware of him, American intelligence

    aided his escape to South America in

    1951, first to Buenos Aires and then to Bolivia,

    under the name of Altmann. Soon he became

    an adviser to the Bolivian secret police. The Bolivian

    military regime protected him, but after a

    civilian government assumed power he was

    extradited to France in 1983. He was convicted

    of at least four murders and 15,000 deportations

    to death camps and was the last ranking German

    war criminal to be tried. He was sentenced to life

    imprisonment, but in 1991 died of cancer in

    prison.

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