• GERMANIC MIGRATIONS AND
  • FRANKISH KINGDOM
  • JOHANNES REUCHLIN
  • THE WEIMAR CONSTITUTION
  • W
  • INFLATION, REPARATIONS, AND
  • THE STRESEMANN ERA, 19231929
  • STABILIZATION AND LOCARNO,
  • CULTURE AND SOCIETY
  • ROAD TO DICTATORSHIP,
  • T
  • CONSOLIDATION OF POWER
  • THE NAZI TOTAL STATE
  • ULRICH VON HUTTEN
  • PERSECUTION OF THE JEWS
  • RELIGION AND THE CHURCHES
  • FOREIGN POLICY
  • W
  • THE BATTLE OF BRITAIN
  • INVASION OF RUSSIA
  • HITLERS PLANS FOR EUROPE
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  • THE HOME FRONT
  • THE RESISTANCE
  • PHILIP MELANCHTHON
  • D-DAY TO DEFEAT NAZI GERMANY
  • THE HOLOCAUST
  • A
  • ALLIED PLANS AND CONFERENCES
  • DENAZIFICATION
  • POLITICAL PARTIES AND TRADE
  • LOCAL STATE FORMATION
  • PARLIAMENTARY COUNCIL AND THE
  • ECONOMIC RECONSTRUCTION
  • T
  • ERASMUS OF ROTTERDAM
  • BUNDESTAG ELECTION AND
  • REGAINING SOVEREIGNTY AND INTEGRATION
  • RECONSTRUCTION AND THE ECONOMIC
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  • THE GRAND COALITION AND YOUTH
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  • OSTPOLITIK (FOREIGN POLICY
  • CULTURE AND SOCIETY
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  • PRINTING AND MEDICINE
  • THE KOHL ERA, 19821998
  • T
  • UPRISING OF JUNE 17, 1953
  • ECONOMIC SYSTEM
  • SOCIETY, EDUCATION, AND
  • RELATIONS WITH THE FEDERAL
  • R
  • CONSEQUENCES AND PROBLEMS OF
  • ECONOMIC UNIFICATION,
  • P
  • RENAISSANCE ART
  • UNIFICATION POLITICS AND ITS
  • FOREIGN POLICY
  • GOVERNMENT AND ELECTIONS,
  • HISTORICAL DICTIONARY A
  • A
  • Abwehr
  • Adenauer, Konrad
  • Afrika Korps
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  • NEED FOR CHURCH REFORM
  • Agricola, Rudolf
  • Air Force
  • Albert (Albrecht) of
  • Albert V
  • Algeciras, Conference of
  • Allied Control Council
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  • Amiens, Battle of
  • Anabaptists
  • P
  • Anglo-German Naval Treaty
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  • Anti-Comintern Pact
  • anti-Semitism/Jew hatred
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  • Ardennes, Battle of the
  • Arendt, Hannah
  • Armed Forces (Wehrmacht)
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  • LUTHER AND MELANCHTHON
  • Army (Prussian to 1860)
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  • Auschwitz-Birkenau
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  • Austrian Succession, War of
  • autarchy
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  • Axis, The
  • B
  • Baden-Württemberg
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  • CAROLINGIAN EMPIRE
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  • Bavaria
  • Bavarian Peoples Party (BVP)
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  • REFORMATION AND THE TOWNS
  • Bayer AG
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  • Beer-Hall Putsch of 1923
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  • ANABAPTISM AND MÜNTZER
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  • Bismarck, Otto Eduard Leopold
  • blank check
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  • CHARLES V AND THE REFORMATION
  • Böll, Heinrich
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  • Bormann, Martin
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  • Bosnia-Herzegovina
  • Brahms, Johannes
  • Brandenburg
  • C
  • Brauchitsch, Walther von
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  • Braun, Otto
  • Braun, Wernher von
  • Brecht, Bertolt
  • Bremen/Bremerhaven
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  • The Bridge
  • THE THIRTY YEARS WAR
  • Britain, Battle of
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  • Bundesrat
  • Bundestag
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  • C
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  • canton system
  • A
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  • LITERATURE
  • Civil Code, German (Revised
  • Clausewitz, Carl von
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  • Diplomatic Revolution of 1756
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  • GOTTFRIED WILHELM VON LEIBNIZ
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  • E
  • Edict of Toleration
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  • A
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  • F
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  • R
  • FREDERICK III
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  • FREDERICK THE GREAT
  • SEVEN YEARS WAR
  • S
  • ECONOMY
  • POLITICAL DECENTRALIZATION
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  • CULTURE
  • THE ENLIGHTENMENT
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  • T
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  • O
  • THE DANISH WAR, 1864
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  • I
  • N
  • ART AND ARCHITECTURE
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  • BISMARCKS DISMISSAL
  • WILHELMINE GERMANY
  • T
  • THE QUESTION OF
  • LATE MEDIEVAL CULTURE
  • CONDUCT OF THE WAR
  • PEACE RESOLUTION, REFORM, AND
  • AN UNPLANNED REVOLUTION
  • N
  • POLITICAL PARTIES UNPREPARED
  • A REVOLUTIONARY PATTERN
  • WORKERS AND SOLDIERS
  • KURT EISNER AND REVOLUTION IN
  • A REPUBLIC PROCLAIMED
  • A SEVERE ARMISTICE
  • T
  • ESTABLISHMENT OF A REVOLUTIONARY
  • EBERT MAKES A DEAL WITH THE
  • THE SPARTACISTS
  • INTERPRETATION OF THE
  • A VENGEFUL PEACE
  • V
  • THE GOALS OF THE PEACEMAKERS
  • TERMS OF THE TREATY
  • WAR GUILT AND REPARATIONS
  • DENUNCIATION AND RELUCTANT
  • GERMANIC MIGRATIONS AND
  • Austrian Succession, War of

    (17401748)

    In accordance with the terms of the PRAGMATIC

    SANCTION (1713), MARIA THERESA (171780)

    succeeded her father, CHARLES VI (16851740),

    to the Habsburg throne. No sooner did he die

    than a number of sovereigns as might have been

    expected withdrew their assent to the Pragmatic

    Sanction. Those who contested Maria Theresas

    succession were the elector of Bavaria, Charles

    Albert Wittelsbach (16971745), Philip V Bourbon

    of Spain (16831746), and August III Wettin

    of Poland and Saxony (16961763). It was

    FREDERICK II Hohenzollern of Prussia who had

    just become king of Prussia (1740) and was

    determined to take advantage of the situation by

    laying claim to Lower Silesia. After taking over

    Silesia in December 1740 Frederick offered to

    compensate Austria with an indemnity. Frederick

    even promised to support the candidacy for

    the imperial throne of Maria Theresas husband,

    Francis of Lorraine (170865), as compensation.

    After his offer was rejected, BAVARIA and France

    soon joined in the attack on Silesia. A Franco-

    Bavarian army captured Prague on November

    26, 1741, and the Bavarian elector Charles

    became Emperor Charles VII. Maria Theresa fled

    from Vienna but succeeded in rallying the Habsburg

    cause, enlisting the support of the Hungarians

    and the English. A Hungarian army

    succeeded in occupying Munich. England now

    actively supported Austria with an army led by

    King George II, who was also the elector of

    Hanover. Then Great Britain, the Netherlands,

    and AUSTRIA concluded the Treaty of Warsaw,

    recognizing the Pragmatic Sanction.

    In September 1745 Maria Theresas husband,

    Francis of Lorraine, was elected emperor Francis

    I (174565). Maria Theresa still hoped to

    recover Silesia, but the Austro-Saxon army was

    defeated by the Prussian cavalry, for which Frederick

    came to be known as the Great. The Second

    Silesian war ended with the Treaty of

    Dresden (December 25, 1745) in which Frederick

    recognized Francis I as emperor. More fighting

    continued. Peace was finally concluded in the

    Treaty of Aachen (1748). The succession of Maria

    Theresa was confirmed, but Prussia retained Silesia,

    one of Austrias richest provinces. Austria

    also lost the Italian districts of Parma, Piacenza,

    and Gustalla to France. But France was unhappy

    240 Austrian Succession, War of

    with the requirement that she withdraw from

    the Austrian Netherlands. In reality it was a truce

    rather than a real peace since none of the signatories

    was really satisfied. The years between the

    Treaty of Aachen and the beginning of the SEVEN

    YEARS WAR (175663) were spent in active

    diplomacy, which ended in the reversal of

    alliances and came to be known as the DIPLOMATIC

    REVOLUTION.

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