• GERMANIC MIGRATIONS AND
  • FRANKISH KINGDOM
  • JOHANNES REUCHLIN
  • THE WEIMAR CONSTITUTION
  • W
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  • T
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  • A
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  • R
  • CONSEQUENCES AND PROBLEMS OF
  • ECONOMIC UNIFICATION,
  • P
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  • FOREIGN POLICY
  • GOVERNMENT AND ELECTIONS,
  • HISTORICAL DICTIONARY A
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  • blank check
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  • C
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  • THE THIRTY YEARS WAR
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  • Bundesrat
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  • LITERATURE
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  • EBERT MAKES A DEAL WITH THE
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  • V
  • THE GOALS OF THE PEACEMAKERS
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  • DENUNCIATION AND RELUCTANT
  • GERMANIC MIGRATIONS AND
  • Amiens, Battle of

    lang=EN-US style='font-size:10.5pt;font-family:"Meridien-Medium","serif"; color:black'>(August 1918)

    The Battle of Amiens between August 8 and 11,

    1918, was decisive in bringing WORLD WAR I to

    an end.

    212 Alsace-Lorraine

    The final German offensive of World War I,

    the Michael Offensive, was launched in March

    1918, which was the last gamble for enough military

    gains so that the Allies would agree to

    peace on Germanys terms. That offensive

    ground to a halt, and it was the Battle of

    Amiens, August 811, that turned the momentum

    in favor of the Allies. Sir Henry Rawlinsons

    Fourth British Army supported by French units

    struck with suddenness east of Amiens.

    The British Fourth Army was speedily organized

    and moved into forward positions with

    extraordinary stealth. Fourteen divisions of

    infantry, three cavalry divisions, 2,000 guns and

    450 tanks were secretly moved into position

    along a 10-mile front. The guns were moved by

    railway at night and camouflaged by morning.

    The rumble of the tanks getting into position

    was smothered by a noise barrage of the Royal

    Air Force. To increase the smash surprise, no

    practice maneuvers were held. Air cover was

    provided with 800 aircraft with the British forces

    and 1,104 with the French First Army. Added

    power for the offensive was provided with the

    French Third Army and 90 tanks. In summary,

    Generals Foch and Haig proposed to retake the

    old Somme battlefield.

    When the battle began, the Germans were

    completely surprised. Two thousand guns roared

    across the plateau, the infantry moved rapidly

    across no-mans-land. Units leapfrogged one

    another as they moved quickly ahead. At one

    time the British took more than 16,000 prisoners

    in less than two hours. By August 11 German

    resistance hardened, and it was time to

    stop. A great battle had been fought and won,

    and the German front line pushed substantially

    back.

    The significance of the battle was that as a

    result of the Black Day the German leadership

    came to the conclusion that the war could not be

    won. Ludendorffs equilibrium was shaken. On

    August 11 the emperor summoned a meeting of

    the High Command and decided that the war

    had to be ended. Ludendorff decided that German

    offensives were unable to force the enemy

    to sue for peace, which now had to be secured

    through diplomacy. By September 29 Hindenburg

    and Ludendorff advised the emperor to

    negotiate an armistice.

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